Neurologico Spinale Medico Chirurgico (NSMC) is an open-access, single-blind peer-reviewed journal, published by Indonesian Neurospine Society (INSS) under the flag of Indonesian Neurosurgery Society (INS) and Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University. NSMC publishes articles which encompass all aspects of basic research/clinical studies. The journal facilitates, bridge and integrate the intellectual, methodological, and substantive diversity of medical knowledge, especially in the field of surgery, neurology, neurosurgery, spine, neuroanesthesia, medicine, and health. The journal appreciates any contributions which promote the exchange of ideas between practising educators and medical researchers all over the world.